How to install Linux on windows 10 using VirtualBox

VirtualBox installation

Linux is a free, open-source operating system known for its stability, security, and versatility. Here are some of the key features of Linux:

  1. Open-source: Linux is an open-source operating system, meaning its source code is freely available for anyone to use, modify, and distribute. This results in a large and active community of developers and users who contribute to its development and improvement.
  2. Security: Linux is known for its high level of security. It has robust access controls and a low number of vulnerabilities compared to other operating systems.
  3. Customizability: Linux is highly customizable, with a large number of distributions (or “distros”) to choose from. Each distro has its own unique set of features, desktop environments, and applications, so users can choose the one that best fits their needs.
  4. Terminal: Linux has a powerful terminal interface that allows users to perform complex tasks from the command line. This makes it a popular choice for developers and system administrators.
  5. Stability: Linux is a highly stable operating system, with a low rate of crashes and system failures.
  6. Large software repository: Linux has a large software repository, with thousands of free and open-source applications available to download and install.
  7. Multi-user support: Linux supports multiple users, making it a good choice for server and network environments.
  8. Hardware compatibility: Linux is compatible with a wide range of hardware, including desktop and laptop computers, servers, and embedded systems.
  9. Low cost: Linux is free and open-source, so there are no licensing costs associated with using it. This makes it an attractive choice for organizations and individuals who are looking to save money on software costs.

What is VirtualBox

VirtualBox is a free and open-source virtualization software used to run multiple operating systems on a single machine. It allows users to create virtual machines (VMs) on their computer and install different operating systems on each VM, thereby isolating them from one another and the host operating system. This makes it possible to run multiple operating systems simultaneously on the same physical machine, each with its own virtual environment.

If you would like to install Linux on Windows 10 using VirtualBox, here are the steps:

  1. Download and install VirtualBox: You can download VirtualBox from the official website ( Follow the instructions to install it on your Windows 10 machine.
  2. Download a Linux distribution: Choose a Linux distribution that you would like to install (such as Ubuntu, Debian, or CentOS) and download the ISO image file from the official website.
  3. Create a virtual machine in VirtualBox: Open VirtualBox and click on the “New” button to create a new virtual machine. Follow the wizard to configure the virtual machine settings, such as the amount of memory and storage to allocate.
  4. Mount the Linux ISO image: In the VirtualBox Manager, select the virtual machine you just created and click on the “Storage” section. Add a new CD/DVD drive and choose the Linux ISO image you downloaded in step 2.
  5. Start the virtual machine: Start the virtual machine and the Linux installation process will start. Follow the instructions to install Linux on the virtual machine.

Note: VirtualBox emulates a complete computer system and allows you to run multiple operating systems at the same time, each in its own virtual machine. This makes it easy to switch between Windows and Linux, as if they were installed on separate physical computers.

Linux vs windows performance

The performance of Linux and Windows depends on several factors, including hardware configuration, the type of workload, and the specific distribution of Linux being used.

In general, Linux is known for its stability, reliability, and performance, especially when used as a server operating system. Linux is highly optimized for server workloads and can handle high levels of concurrency, making it a popular choice for web servers, database servers, and other enterprise-level applications.

Windows, on the other hand, is known for its ease of use and compatibility with a wide range of software and hardware. It is commonly used as a desktop operating system and is optimized for use in a graphical user interface (GUI) environment. Windows has improved its performance and scalability in recent years, making it a suitable choice for many enterprise workloads.

It’s important to note that both Linux and Windows have their strengths and weaknesses, and the best choice for a particular workload will depend on specific requirements and the environment in which it will be used. In some cases, the performance of Linux may be significantly better than Windows, while in other cases, Windows may perform better. In general, both operating systems are capable of delivering good performance in the right circumstances.